How to Destroy a Locking Process

In rare cases an application using the HERE SDK may crash due to a Storage.LevelDB error or the initialization of the HERE SDK may fail with a FAILED_TO_LOCK_CACHE_FOLDER error.

This may happen when a second instance of a SDKNativeEngine is created with the same access_key_id as an existing one. Then the local map cache directory is locked by the current process.

This locked cache folder crash can be fixed by adding the following meta-data tag to the AndroidManifest file of your app:

<application>
        <meta-data
            android:name="com.here.sdk.action_on_cache_locked"
            android:value="KILL_LOCKING_APP" />
</application>

This tag will check on each application start if a potential cache lock has occurred. If there is a cache lock, this will kill the locking process and the app can start normally. If no cache lock occurred, the code will do nothing. Beside KILL_LOCKING_APP, also the following values can be set:

  • NO_ACTION: Nothing will be done.
  • WAIT_LOCKING_APP_FINISH: The app will wait until the locking process has ended. Note that this may happen never.

Additonal Info

Alternatively, the following steps can be taken to prevent the cache lock issue. They have the same effect as the meta-data tag with KILL_LOCKING_APP, but require more code and eventually, provide more flexibility:

  1. Prevent the InitProvider of the HERE SDK to be created automatically by adding this to the AndroidManifest.xml:
<provider
    android:name="com.here.sdk.engine.InitProvider"
    android:authorities="com.here.sdk.engine.InitProvider"
    android:exported="false"
    tools:node="remove" />

Note: By default, the InitProvider is created automatically at application start and the HERE SDK will be initialized and access the cache. This can be deferred by creating the InitProvider manually - as shown below.

  1. You may also need to bind the tools namespace declaration to the manifest tag:
<manifest
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    package="com.your_domain.your_app">
  1. Now you have to manually initialize the HERE SDK and create an InitProvider. This needs to be done before any of the HERE SDK functionality is used. The first call below will destroy any process of the same application that might still hold a lock on the cache:
// This may kill another process that is trying to attempt to lock the current map cache.
// If this happens, the method will try to gracefully repair the cache.
// If no problem was detected, the method will do nothing.
long timeoutInMs = 300;
InitProvider.destroyLockingProcess(sdkOptions, timeoutInMs);

// Manually initialize the HERE SDK.
InitProvider.initialize(appContext);

// Specify credentials programmatically.
SDKOptions sdkOptions = new SDKOptions("YOUR_ACCESS_KEY_ID", "YOUR_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET");

// Create the SDKNativeEngine.
SDKNativeEngine sdkNativeEngine = null;
try {
    sdkNativeEngine = new SDKNativeEngine(sdkOptions);
} catch (InstantiationErrorException e) {
    // Handle exception.
}

SDKNativeEngine.setSharedInstance(sdkNativeEngine);

By calling destroyLockingProcess) the problem will be gone. You can keep this code to solve sporadic crashes at application start. If no cache lock is detected, destroyLockingProcess() will do nothing.

Note: By calling SDKNativeEngine.getLockingProcessId(sdkOptions), you can get the process ID of the locking process from the Android OS. If no lock occurred, the method will return null.

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