Key Concepts

In the following use case sections, we will guide you through the most common usage scenarios and reveal tips and easy-to-understand guidelines to help you get the most out of the HERE SDK for Flutter.

How to use this Guide?

You can read this guide in any order. All sections are independent from each other, making it easy to skip any section and to dive straight into the topics which you are most interested in.

  • In the example section, you can find the example apps accompanying this user guide.
  • If you are interested in building your first app showing a HERE map, take a look at the Get Started section to guide you through the first simple steps.

Code Snippets

The shown code snippets cover best practice example code ready to be used for your own applications. However, for the sake of simplicity and to not shadow the educational approach of this guide, not all edge scenarios may be handled, especially when it comes to error handling or robust threading. In some cases, the obvious code is left out, but it can be found in the accompanying example apps that can be built and deployed instantly on any supported device with a set of valid HERE credentials.

Dispose Objects

All HERE SDK classes that contain a release() method will not be garbage collected if the instance is no longer referenced or set to null. Therefore, in case you need to clean up the memory, it is recommended to call release() on all instances that are no longer needed for the rest of the lifetime of an app.

Callbacks and Listeners

  • The HERE SDK exposes callbacks for single event notification such as for search results.
  • For reoccurring event notifications such as for gesture events, listeners are used. When multiple listeners can be set, then the method pattern add_x() and remove_x() is used as naming convention. If only one listener can be set at a time, the set_x() pattern is used that can be set to null to stop listening.

Debug Logs

You can use the LogAppender interface to insert your own log class into the SDKNativeEngine. This way you can log HERE SDK messages for various predefined log levels even for release builds of your app.

Is the HERE SDK Thread Safe?

The HERE SDK is not guaranteed to be thread safe and it is recommended to make calls to the SDK from the main thread. Internally, the HERE SDK will offload most of its work to a background thread, but callbacks to your code will always occur on the main thread. In general, thread safety is the responsibility of the caller. For example, it is unsafe to reuse an engine on different threads unless your code is synchronized.

Engines

The HERE SDK contains several modules - or engines as we call them - to execute specific tasks such as calculating a route with the RoutingEngine or requesting search results via the SearchEngine. There are many more engines you can use with the HERE SDK and you can read more about them in the dedicated chapters below. However, most engines share common concepts that makes it easier to use them. For example:

  • All engines execute their tasks asynchronously and receive their results on the main thread.
  • All engines share similar interfaces, callbacks and error handling.
  • It is possible to start multiple instances of an engine in parallel.
  • An online connection is required.

Android Permissions

The HERE SDK for Flutter automatically merges all required permissions to the AndroidManifest.xml:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />

These permissions are not sensitive and are immediately granted upon installation by the system - they are always needed, as the HERE SDK needs to have a working internet connection. It is not a requirement to handle these permissions and there are no HERE SDK specific requirements on how to handle permissions.

However, be aware that a user can deny any permission after installation via the device's app settings. You can use a convenience class to notify the user upon app launch like shown here. Note that Flutter itself does not provide any mechanism to handle permissions - and the accompanying Flutter example apps do not utilize any specific Android permission handling. If no internet connection is available, most HERE SDK services will indicate this with an appropriate error message.

Use SDKOptions to Set Programmtically HERE Credentials and Cache Path

Usually, engines can operate independently from each other and require HERE credentials to request data. The credentials can be set as shown in the Get Started guide - or programmatically. This can be useful, for example, to inject credentials at runtime from a web service.

By default, when using a map view in your app, the HERE SDK is initialized automatically and it is reading the credentials from the Info.plist or AndroidManifest file. In addition, a default cache path is used for caching map data.

When you want to set the credentials programmatically, you must take care to initialize the HERE SDK yourself.

For this you need to create your own instance of the SDKNativeEngine, which can then be used to set or to change your HERE SDK credentials at runtime. This allows you to set a shared instance that will then be used for all engines under the hood. Note that a shared instance is also required when you add a map view.

By setting an empty string as cache path when initializing SDKOptions, you keep the default cache path.

Multiple SDKNativeEngine instances can’t have the same access key id and the cache path is ensured to be unique per access key id. After creating a new SDKNativeEngine, the access key id cannot be changed. Only the secret key can be changed afterwards.

More usage examples and code snippets will follow soon.

Maps

One of the core features of the HERE SDK for iOS is Mapping, which includes adding a map view, changing the location displayed by the map, and modifying its properties. The primary component of the mapping API is the map view, which is integrated as a UIView subclass. The map view represents a vector based view to display a map and various properties.

HERE map data is updated on a weekly basis to ensure you always get the freshest map data available. By integrating the map view you can automatically benefit from this.

Note: To create a simple map application, please refer to the Get Started section.

To manipulate the map and its properties it's best to start looking at the Camera section. More features include:

  • Map gestures to handle common map gestures and default map behaviors like pan or rotate.
  • Map schemes to instantly switch default map styles such as satellite versus normal map layer.
  • Map items to place objects and shapes onto the map and interact with them.
  • Custom map styles to load custom map schemes.

HERE Logo Watermark

When using the HERE SDK, it is required that the HERE logo is always visible on the map view. By default, the HERE logo is located at the bottom right corner of the map. However, you can easily customize its location to meet your app design by calling setWatermarkPosition() on your map view instance. It is recommended to change the default placement, only when it is required due to overlapping UI elements.

Map Language

You can customize the language that is used on the map to show labels for streets, cities and other map data. By default, the local language of a region is used.

Use the HereMapController to set a languageCode as primaryLanguage. This sets the language for the world - or set null to switch back to the default behavior. If a language is not supported in any region of the world, the local language for that region is shown instead.

Availability of Map Data

By default, a few regions in the world including Japan, China and Korea, contain limited map data. To get access to the full map data, please get in contact with your HERE representative.

Map Caching

To better support online and offline use cases, the HERE SDK for Flutter supports caching of downloaded vector map data. This happens in the background. While interacting with the map, the data is stored locally on the device and can be accessed even when the device loses connection or operates in an offline mode.

The integrated map caching mechanism only supports the standard vector based map schemes - satellite images, for example, are not cached.

Please note that the amount of cached data is limited and will be overwritten with new map data while using the map. In most cases, this is sufficient to give the user the impression of a faster start-up time - as no additional data must be downloaded when you start an app again at the same location as before.

Venues

The HERE SDK provides the possibility to load, show and interact with private venues on the map. Venues provide a wealth of hyperlocal information about indoor spaces, including building geometry and points of interest, spanning across multiple floors. HERE has mapped thousands of buildings globally, including, shopping malls, airports, train stations, parking garages, corporate campuses, factories, warehouses and many other types of buildings.

Your venue data will be shown only in your own app.

If you are a venue owner and are interested in leveraging HERE Venues with the HERE SDK, contact us at: venues.support@here.com.

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