Use the Map

One of the core features of the HERE SDK for iOS is Mapping, which includes adding a map view, changing the location displayed by the map, and modifying its properties. The primary component of the mapping API is the map view, which is integrated as a UIView subclass. The map view represents a vector based view to display a map and various properties.

HERE map data is updated on a weekly basis to ensure you always get the freshest map data available. By integrating the map view you can automatically benefit from this.

Note

To create a simple map application, please refer to the Get Started section.

To manipulate the map and its properties it's best to start looking at the Camera section. More features include:

  • Map gestures to handle common map gestures and default map behaviors like pan or rotate.
  • Map schemes to instantly switch default map styles such as satellite versus normal map layer. More on the available map schemes you can find below.
  • Map items to place objects and shapes onto the map and interact with them.
  • Custom map styles to load custom map schemes.

Performance Optimization

By default, the MapView is rendered with 60 frames per second (FPS). Via mapView.frameRate the maximum frame rate can be adjusted - for example, to reduce CPU / GPU usage on low end devices. It is also possible to deactivate automatic render cycles by setting FPS to 0. Setting negative values has no effect. The value can be set individually per MapView instance - in case your app contains multiple MapView's.

Another option is to use custom map styles that contain less elements to render.

To shrink the size of the HERE SDK framework, unused fonts can be removed before shipping an application.

Load Map Schemes

The HERE SDK supports five preconfigured map schemes:

  • normalDay: A lossless scaleable vector base map for usage during daylight.
  • normalNight: A lossless scaleable vector base map for usage during night.
  • hybridDay: A day version of a hybrid scheme combining satellite imagery with vector street network, map labels and POI information.
  • hybridNight: A night version of a hybrid scheme combining satellite imagery with vector street network, map labels and POI information.
  • satellite: A bitmap based map showing satellite imagery for various zoom stages.

Note that it is also possible to fully customize your own map styles, except for the satellite imagery.

Use the following code snippet to load a map scheme:

MapScheme mapScheme = MapScheme.normalDay;

_hereMapController.mapScene.loadSceneForMapScheme(mapScheme,
    (MapError? error) {
  if (error != null) {
    print('Map scene not loaded. MapError: ${error.toString()}');
    return;
  }

  // ...
});

It is recommended to use the day variants during day time when the surrounding light is brighter. The night variants are optimized for usage when there is less light. For example, an application may switch from day to night scheme when a driver is passing through a tunnel.

MapScheme.normalDay
MapScheme.normalNight
MapScheme.hybridDay
MapScheme.hybridNight

In addition, the HERE SDK offers a satellite scheme, that does not contain any labels:

MapScheme.satellite

The available map styles are optimized to easily add additional content and overlays onto the base map without visual interference. The map schemes are less colorful and support a clean and neutral tone to maximize readability even in case of color blindness:

  • The street network is designed in gray scales and provides a hierarchy through brightness, contrast and widths.
  • Colors are overall rather bright set up.
  • Key colors are grey, blue, green, white.

Remove Unused Font Files

The HERE SDK contains fonts to render map labels for all supported languages. If you want to optimize the size of the overall app, you can remove selected fonts. For example, the font with Chinese, Japanese and Korean characters is around 1.7MB. To remove this font, open the HERE SDK plugin folder and remove the following files:

  • style/fonts/DroidSansFallback.woff
  • style/fonts/DroidSansFallback.license

When you remove a font, it is recommended to switch the map language to any other language than the removed font. At least one font needs to be left to see any map labels. Note that each time a label needs to be displayed in a language for a font that was removed an error message is logged - for each character that is missing.

Set a Map Language

You can customize the language that is used on the map to show labels for streets, cities and other map data. By default, the local language of a region is used.

Use the HereMapController to set a languageCode as primaryLanguage. This sets the language for the world - or set null to switch back to the default behavior. If a language is not supported in any region of the world, the local language for that region is shown instead.

Availability of Map Data

By default, a few regions in the world including Japan, China and Korea, contain limited map data. To get access to the full map data, please get in contact with your HERE representative.

Offline Maps

All map data can be preloaded before usage (also known as active or explicit downloading) or downloaded during online usage (also known as passive or implicit downloading). Both of these strategies require a network connection for data download, but the explicit strategy allows to prepare data in advance and to consume it when a device doesn't have a network connection - while the implicit strategy uses a cache, which can be overwritten during map usage.

Adapt Map Caching

To better support online and offline use cases, the HERE SDK for Flutter supports caching of downloaded vector map data. This happens in the background. While interacting with the map, the data is stored locally on the device and can be accessed even when the device loses connection or operates in an offline mode.

The integrated map caching mechanism only supports the standard vector based map schemes - satellite images, for example, are not cached.

Please note that the amount of cached data is limited and will be overwritten with new map data while using the map. In most cases, this is sufficient to give the user the impression of a faster start-up time - as no additional data must be downloaded when you start an app again at the same location as before.

Caching can be disabled when no cache path is set when manually initializing the HERE SDK using SDKOptions. Note that the cache path can be also set via the Info.plist or AndroidManifest file. You can change that with SDKInitializer.initialize(). Check the Engines section for more details.

HERE Logo Watermark

When using the HERE SDK, it is required that the HERE logo is always visible on the map view. By default, the HERE logo is located at the bottom right corner of the map. However, you can easily customize its location to meet your app design by calling setWatermarkPosition() on your map view instance. It is recommended to change the default placement, only when it is required due to overlapping UI elements. Note for very small views: If both edges of the map are less than 250 density independent pixels in size, the watermark will be hidden automatically.

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